In the first module of our course, we explored how the Anthropocene is widely recognized to be not only a new geological era in which humans influence global systems, but also as the culmination of ongoing, social, cultural, economic, political and environmental changes tied to the Industrial Revolution and, even earlier, plantation-based colonialism. In thie second module, we explored how the benefits and harms of these changes have been, and continue to be, socially and spatially uneven. For our third essay, drawing on readings, lectures and assignments throughout the term, explain how, since the mid-1700s, the concept of development has sought to manage these differentiated changes in order to secure existing power relations in the global colonial economy. Some specific questions to focus on include:
- What do different visions of development (colonial, Cold War, neoliberal) identify as the threat to the status quo?
- How have different styles of development (colonial, Cold War, neoliberal) sought to regulate or control this threat?
- What do these histories of development tell us about the politics of development in the era of the Anthropocene? Who does development benefit, and why?
Has to be 1000 words