How can health and geography be related??

Geography of Health and Migration( week-3)

Week-3 Agenda( Oct 1-7th Oct)

 Exam-1

 Assignment-2

 Discussion Questions

 Read Ch-4 and will start reviewing about Migration( Ch-5) but wrap upcomplete Ch-5 next week.

 Review PPT lectures

 Email me if any questions.

Medical Geography and GIS

 Health and Geography?

 Links and Books on Health and Geography

 Human Ecology of Diseases

 Major Diseases: AIDS/HIV

 Global Health care

 Applications of GIS in Health

 Role of GIS in Health industry

Books and Geo Spatial links in Medical Geography 






Medical Geography  The application of geographic ideas, information, and theories to

the study of disease, health, and health care.

 Also called Health Geography

 http://www.merriam-


How can health and geography be related??

Health and Geography  Approaches:

• Human-Environment relationships  Poor environments can negatively affect health

 Pollution and other human-made problems

• Culture  Religious or other cultural attitudes/practices can affect how diseases or other

ailments are dealt with

• Movement  Diffusion of diseases



SARS 2002-2003

Human Ecology of Disease

• Human Ecology: • the interconnections

between human populations and the physical world

• Triangle of Human Ecology: • Population

• Behavior

• Habitat


Insults and Stimuli on Health  Chemical Insults:

• Drugs, exposure to chemicals or gases

 Physical Insults: • Trauma from accidents, radiation, shock

 Psychosocial Insults: • Crowding, anxiety, love, sense of belonging

 Infectious Stimuli: • Viruses, bacteria, protozoa


Understanding the concepts  Endemic:

• A disease that’s always present in a population

 Epidemic • A disease that occurs in larger #s than normal

 Pandemic • A worldwide epidemic



Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors.